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Fakultät Bio- und Chemieingenieurwesen
Laboratory of Thermodynamics

List of current projects

Sadowski Group

03/01/2022 - 02/28/2025

The bioavailability of an active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) is often limited by its poor water solubility, which is strongly influenced by pH and the presence of salts. This project develops an adequate model to predict the phase behavior of APIs in water and in (lipid-based) drug delivery systems.

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05/01/2022 - 04/30/2025

Surfactants are used extensively in industrial and pharmaceutical applications, exploiting their effect on the aqueous solubility of hydrophobic compounds. This project aims at developing an aggregation model to be combined PC-SAFT allowing for predicting the formation of surfactant aggregates and their influence on the solubility of pharmaceutical ingredients.

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09/15/2022 - 09/14/2025

Oil in water emulsions can effectively be used as delivery systems for poorly water soluble drugs. These emulsions are stabilized by surfactants. This project develops a suitable modeling approach for those systems utilizing an aggregation model and PC-SAFT. This will serve as a predictive method capable of describing the complex liquid-liquid phase equilibria in aqueous oil/surfactant solutions.

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Borrmann group

11/16/2020 - 07/31/2024

Amorphous solid dispersions (ASDs) are popular pharmaceutical formulation to improve the bioavailability of poorly water-soluble drug candidates. ASDs are produced via solvent-based processes with subsequent drying. This project focuses on the equilibrium and drying kinetics of pharmaceutical-relevant polymers and ASDs by coupling thermodynamic and diffusion modeling.

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01/01/2024 - 12/31/2026

Many active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) suffer from low aqueous solubility, limiting their bioavailability. Bioavailability can be improved by dissolving the API in a polymer, yielding so-called amorphous solid dispersions (ASDs). This project aims at investigating the influence of coating materials, temperature and relative humidity (RH) on the stability of coated ASDs during storage.

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Brandenbusch group

01/01/2021 - 12/31/2024

When it comes to long-term stability of biopharmaceuticals, liquid dosage/storage forms occasionally reach their limits. Freeze-drying / Lyophilization is used to reduce the water content in the formulation. Within this project, we perform a thermodynamic characterization of the freeze-drying process and the investigate influence of additives on the stability and solubilization of the biopharmaceutical.

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08/01/2021 - 07/31/2024

Process simulation plays a key role in improving or developing efficient and sustainable processes. Thermodynamic models (e.g. PC-SAFT, UNIQUAC) included in process simulators offer a detailed description of complex mixture properties. Within this project, we develop a predictive ML-approach to obtain required model parameters from data-driven methods of machine learning (ML).

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11/01/2022 - 10/31/2025

Combining active pharmaceutical ingredients (API) and Polymers in amorphous solid dispersions (ASD) enhances aqueous solubility and release of new APIs. However, ASDs with higher drug load may release the API and Polymer incongruently related to amorphous-amorphous phase separation during dissolution. Ternary ASDs containing surfactants increase the drug load at which congruent release is achieved, the so-called ‘Limit of congruency’ (LoC).

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04/01/2023 - 03/31/2026

Thermodynamic models are an essential part of today’s process development and optimization. Applications span across all fields and disciplines in the chemical, biotech and pharmaceutical industry. With the exception of ab-initio and purely predictive approaches, thermodynamic models in general require pure component and/or binary interaction parameters, fitted to experimental data.

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Held group

07/01/2020 - 07/31/2024

Enzyme-catalyzed reactions are used in industry, but the equilibrium and kinetics of such reactions are still often limited. The oxidation reaction of the formate anion catalyzed by formate dehydrogenase is investigated in this project as a model system for a pressure-induced switchable reaction systems towards production of either the fine chemical NADH or for CO2 conversion.

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01/01/2023 - 06/30/2024

The relationships between reactant structure, co-solvents, catalyst, and their respective reactivity in esterification processes is a research area that crosslinks thermodynamics, kinetics and chemical engineering. It is the goal of this project to predict the influence of solvent, concentration, and catalyst on the kinetics and equilibria of esterification reactions by thermodynamic modeling.

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05/01/2024 - 04/30/2027

The solvent and the type and amount of the catalyst strongly influence the equilibrium and kinetics of chemical reactions. The aim of this project is to predict the influence of strongly non-ideal solvent mixtures, the catalyst and the pH-value on the reaction equilibrium and kinetics of acid catalysed esterification reactions with ePC-SAFT.

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Kühl group

10/01/2018 - 06/30/2024

This project aims at the development of a multi-stage reciprocating thermocompressor to generate compressed air from thermal sources, preferably waste heat. In this context, analytical and numerical modelling as well as constructive considerations are required to develop a practically and economically competitive solution.

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11/01/2021 - 10/31/2024

This project aims to increase the efficiency of regenerative (gas) cycles by developing and optimizing regenerators with axially varying matrix structures. Therefore, analytical and numerical models are applied to the design and the optimization of such regenerators, the performance of which is experimentally investigated afterwards.

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